OpenAI is a research laboratory consisting of the for-profit corporation OpenAI LP and its parent company, the non-profit OpenAI Inc.
Founded in December 2015, with the backing of several high-profile investors such as Elon Musk and Sam Altman, OpenAI has the stated goal of promoting friendly artificial intelligence in order to benefit humanity as a whole.
OpenAI was founded in part due to concerns about the existential risk posed by artificial general intelligence (AGI). There are risks associated with developing Artificial Intelligence. These include superhuman AI, which could lead to an intelligence explosion and rapid technological change; and AI takeoff, where machines become self-improving and eventually surpass human intelligence.
To mitigate these risks, OpenAI pursues a number of policies and goals, including developing friendly AI, sharing its research openly, and working with the wider AI community to ensure that AI technology is developed responsibly.
In addition to its focus on risks associated with AGI, OpenAI also conducts research in a number of other areas related to artificial intelligence, such as natural language processing, robotics, and machine learning.
The company has made a number of notable achievements in these fields, such as creating an algorithm that can efficiently navigate 3D environments; developing a system that can generate convincing fake images; and creating a robot that can autonomously complete simple tasks such as opening doors and picking up objects.
Despite its successes, OpenAI has not been without controversy. Some criticisms leveled at the company include its lack of transparency, its closeness to wealthy investors, and its opaque decision-making process.
There have also been concerns raised about the potential misuse of its technology, such as for creating intelligent weapons or for surveillance purposes. However, OpenAI has taken steps to address these criticisms, such as by establishing an independent ethics and safety board, and publishing a research principles document that outlines its commitment to responsible AI development.
Overall, OpenAI is one of the leading organizations in the field of artificial intelligence, and its goals and achievements are closely watched by both the general public and the AI community. As it continues to conduct cutting-edge research and develop new technologies, OpenAI will no doubt continue to shape the future of artificial intelligence.